M. Sidler, M. Bisson, J. Grotz, and S. Barton (2020). Proceedings of the International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression, Birmingham City University, pp. 297–300.
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Mechatronic Expression: Reconsidering Expressivity in Music for Robotic Instruments
S. Kemper, S. Barton (2018). In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME). Blacksburg, VA.
A Robotic Percussive Aerophone
K. Sundberg, S. Barton, A. Walter, T. Sane, L. Baker, A. O’Brien (2018). In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME). Blacksburg, VA.
Using Recurrent Neural Networks to Judge Fitness in Musical Genetic Algorithms
P. Mitrano, A. Lockman, J. Honicker, S. Barton (2017). In proceedings of The 5th International Workshop on Musical Metacreation (MUME) at The 8th International Conference on Computational Creativity (ICCC). Atlanta, GA, USA.
Cyther: A human-playable, self-tuning robotic zither
S. Barton, E. Prihar, P. Carvalho (2017). Cyther: a human-playable, self-tuning robotic zither. In proceedings of The 17th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression. Copenhagen, Denmark.
Creativity in the Generation of Machine Rhythms
S. Barton (2016). In proceedings from The 1st Conference on Computer Simulation of Musical Creativity.
Abstract: This paper explores musical, psychological and philosophical ideas about how humans and machines interact in creative processes. It argues that creativity is a function of both generator and receiver, and that these roles can be amorphous in the creation and experience of electronic music. It offers an approach to structuring temporal spaces for rhythmic composition, which leads to the idea of machine rhythms, which are proposed as a promising area for creative expression.
MARIE: Monochord-Aerophone Robotic Instrument Ensemble
T. Rogers, S. Kemper, S. Barton (2015). In proceedings from The 15th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression.
Extended Abstract for Drum Circle
S. Barton, S. Kemper (2015). Published in UTS ePRESS; March, 2015.
The paper was presented at the International Conference on Social Robotics 2014. link to paper
The Human, the Mechanical, and the Spaces in between: Explorations in Human-Robotic Musical Improvisation
S. Barton (2013). Published in the Proceedings of the Ninth Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment International Conference (AIIDE 2013)
HARMI (Human and Robotic Musical Improvisation) is a software and hardware system that enables musical robots to improvise with human performers. The goal of the system is not to replicate human musicians, but rather to explore the novel kinds of musical expression that machines can produce. At the same time, the system seeks to create spaces where humans and robots can communicate with each other in a common language. To help achieve the former, ideas from contemporary compositional practice and music theory were used to shape the system’s expressive capabilities. In regard to the latter, research from the field of cognitive psychology was incorporated to enable communication, interaction, and understanding between human and robotic performers. The system was partly developed in conjunction with a residency at High Concept Laboratories in Chicago, IL, where a group of human improvisers performed with the robotic instruments. The system represents an approach to the question of how humans and robots can interact and improvise in musical contexts. This approach purports to highlight the unique expressive spaces of humans, the unique expressive spaces of machines, and the shared spaces between the two. link to paper